Did Vikings Establish Rus? The Norman Controversy

Did Vikings Establish Rus? The Norman Controversy

The modern countries of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, all claim descendance from an early medieval polity known as Rus. By 950, Rus was a nation centered around the city of Kiev, ruled by a Slavonic-speaking aristocracy. What happened before 950, and the origins of the Rus state, lay shrouded in mystery.

Archaeological Evidence for Staraya Ladoga as an Early Scandinavian Emporium of the Global North – Natalja V. Grigorjeva
A History of Russia(Seventh Edition) – Riasanovsky, Steinberg
Genetic study of the Rurik Dynasty – Vladimir G. Volkov, Andrey N. Seslavin
In Austrvegr – Marika Mägi
On the origin of the name Rurik – A.V. Oleinichenko
Міждисциплінарні гуманітарні студії Серія: Історичні науки. 2017. Вип. 3
New Data on the Ryurik Gorodishche near Novgorod – E.N Nosov
Population Genomics of the Viking World – Margaryan et. al
Rusernas rike – Mats G. Larsson
Svear i Österviking – Holger Arbman
The early Slavs – Pavel Markovich Dolukhanov
The emergence of Rus, 750-1200 – Simon Franklin, Jonathan Shepard
The Historiography of Normanist and Anti-Normanist theories on the origin of Rus’ – Roman Zakharii
The Primary Chronicle – Anonymous
The Rus in Arabic Sources – Thorir Jonsson Hraundal
The Varangians – Sverrir Jakobsson
The Vikings in the East – Fjodor Androshchuk
Viking Rus – Wladyslaw Duczko
Was there a Riurikid Dynasty in Early Rus? – Donald Ostrowski

Vikings, Vikings, Vikings! “eastern” ancestry in the whole Baltic Iron Age

0:00 Introduction
5:07 Meaning of ‘Rus’
12:03 Origin of ‘Rus’
19:56 A Nordic Dynasty?
23:44 Scandinavian colonization
29:41 Scandinavian state involvement
34:21 Conclusion
Credit to : Baltic Empire

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